Fresno, CA

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
1.01M
0.511% 1-year growth
US Senator
Alex Padilla
Democratic Party
US Senator
Laphonza Butler
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
32.8
0.613% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
19.5%
3.13% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$67,756
10.6% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$338,200
17.4% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
423,399
1.86% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Fresno, CA had a population of 1.01M people with a median age of 32.8 and a median household income of $67,756. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Fresno, CA grew from 1M to 1.01M, a 0.511% increase and its median household income grew from $61,276 to $67,756, a 10.6% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Fresno, CA are White (Non-Hispanic) (27.4%), White (Hispanic) (20.6%), Other (Hispanic) (17.7%), Two+ (Hispanic) (14.4%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (10.4%).

None of the households in Fresno, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

89.3% of the residents in Fresno, CA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Fresno, CA are California State University-Fresno (110556) (6,079 degrees awarded in 2022), Fresno City College (3,885 degrees), and Reedley College (117052) (2,665 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Fresno, CA was $338,200, and the homeownership rate was 54.2%.

Most people in Fresno, CA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Fresno, CA was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: High Sierra at Sunset, Locans, Fresno, CA

Population & Diversity

Fresno, CA is home to a population of 1.01M people, from which 89.3% are citizens. As of 2022, 19.9% of Fresno, CA residents were born outside of the country (201k people).

In 2022, there were 1.33 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (276k people) in Fresno, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 208k White (Hispanic) and 179k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

89.3%
2022 Citizenship
89.1%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 89.3% of Fresno, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Fresno, CA was 89.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Fresno, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Fresno, CA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    276k ± 664
  2. White (Hispanic)
    208k ± 6.15k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    179k ± 5.06k
54.2%
Hispanic Population
547k people

In 2022, there were 1.33 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (276k people) in Fresno, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 208k White (Hispanic) and 179k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

54.2% of the people in Fresno, CA are hispanic (547k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Fresno, CA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for California.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    3,899,021 ± 46,015 people
  2. Philippines
    824,230 ± 22,055 people
  3. China
    685,370 ± 20,148 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of California was Mexico, the natal country of 3,899,021 California residents, followed by Philippines with 824,230 and China with 685,370.

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Foreign-Born Population

19.9%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
201k people
19.9%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
200k people

As of 2022, 19.9% of Fresno, CA residents (201k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Fresno, CA was 19.9%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Fresno, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    11,182 ± 766
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    8,520 ± 751
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    4,341 ± 605

Fresno, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.31 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Fresno, CA employs 423k people. The largest industries in Fresno, CA are Health Care & Social Assistance (63,824 people), Retail Trade (44,035 people), and Educational Services (41,407 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($104,667), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($68,654), and Public Administration ($62,548).

Males in California have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $75,777. The income inequality in California (measured using the Gini index) is 0.498, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

423k
2022 Value
± 5,641
1.86%
1 Year growth
± 1.84%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Fresno, CA grew at a rate of 1.86%, from 416k employees to 423k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Fresno, CA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (45,238 people), Sales & Related Occupations (39,729 people), and Management Occupations (35,615 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Fresno, CA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in California (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

423k
2022 Value
± 5,641
1.86%
1 Year growth
± 1.84%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Fresno, CA grew at a rate of 1.86%, from 416k employees to 423k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Fresno, CA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (63,824 people), Retail Trade (44,035 people), and Educational Services (41,407 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Fresno, CA, though some of these residents may live in Fresno, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$43,003
Median earning men ± $1,016
$34,641
Median earning women ± $612

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($78,271), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($60,741), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($57,666).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Information ($59,688), Public Administration ($51,801), and Construction ($47,376).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Y-Axis
2.57%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 17.9M people employed in California. This represents a 2.57% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 14%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in California.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 8,400
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 4,093
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 3,430
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in California went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 63.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (34.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.07%).

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing the state of California. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from California

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Alex Padilla
Senator from California3
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Kamala Harris, who had become Vice President of the United States.
Laphonza Butler
Senator from California1
Assumed office on October 3, 2023
Appointed to the seat following the death of Dianne Feinstein.

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing California.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in California over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from California

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for California have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Fresno, CA awarded 20,004 degrees. The student population of Fresno, CA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 30,043 male students and 42,512 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Fresno, CA are Hispanic or Latino (11,266 and 57.3%), followed by White (4,252 and 21.6%), Asian (1,968 and 10%), and Unknown (894 and 4.55%).

The largest universities in Fresno, CA by number of degrees awarded are California State University-Fresno (110556) (6,079 and 30.4%), Fresno City College (3,885 and 19.4%), and Reedley College (117052) (2,665 and 13.3%).

The most popular majors in Fresno, CA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (3,650 and 18.2%), General Business Administration & Management (1,361 and 6.8%), and General Psychology (1,022 and 5.11%).

The median tuition costs in Fresno, CA are $10,200 for private four year colleges, and $5,742 and $17,622 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Fresno, CA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 94.6%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 19.7%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 72,555 (41.4% men and 58.6% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 72,555 students enrolled in Fresno, CA, 41.4% men and 58.6% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 43,991 records, of which 59.8% were women and 40.2% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 529 degrees awarded
  2. 710 degrees awarded
  3. 586 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Fresno, CA was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 529 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Fresno, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 6,079 degrees awarded
  2. 3,885 degrees awarded
  3. 2,665 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was California State University-Fresno (110556) with 6,079 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 7,176 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Fresno, CA, which is 0.559 times less than the 12,828 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 11,266 degrees mean that there were 2.65 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 4,252 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($10,200) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($921) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,971) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Measure

In 2022, 2.08% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 2.26% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were Some college (6.9M), High School or Equivalent (6.8M), and Bachelors Degree (6.36M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Fresno, CA was $338,200 in 2022, which is 1.2 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $288,100 to $338,200, a 17.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Fresno, CA is 54.2%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Fresno, CA have an average commute time of 23.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Fresno, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Fresno, CA is $67,756. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Fresno, CA was Santa Clara County, CA with a value of $153,792, followed by San Mateo County, CA and Marin County, CA, with respective values of $149,907 and $142,019.

Property

$338,200
Median Property Value 2022
±$3,186
$172,455
Median Property Taxes
±$2,967

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fresno, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Fresno, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

54.2%
Homeownership
2022
71.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 54.2% of the housing units in Fresno, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 54.1%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Fresno, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Fresno, CA was Santa Clara County, CA with a value of $153,792, followed by San Mateo County, CA and Marin County, CA, with respective values of $149,907 and $142,019.

The following map shows all of the counties in Fresno, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$67,756
Median Household Income
± $967
318k
Number of Households
± 4,487

In 2022, the median household income of the 318k households in Fresno, CA grew to $67,756 from the previous year's value of $61,276.

The following chart displays the households in Fresno, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Fresno, CA is from California.
0.498
2022 Wage GINI in California
0.497
2021 Wage GINI in California

In 2022, the income inequality in California was 0.498 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (75.9%)
  2. Carpooled (11.7%)
  3. Worked At Home (8.21%)

In 2022, 75.9% of workers in Fresno, CA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.7%) and those who worked at home (8.21%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

23.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Fresno, CA have a shorter commute time (23.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.09% of the workforce in Fresno, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Fresno, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Fresno, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Fresno, CA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

19.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Fresno, CA (194k out of 991k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Fresno, CA is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

92.8% of the population of Fresno, CA has health coverage, with 37.7% on employee plans, 34.4% on Medicaid, 7.76% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 1.09% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in California see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1254 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1132 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 244 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
1,240 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in California

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,240 patients per year. This represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1,254 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 30% under 18 years, 23.4% between 18 and 34 years, 34.3% between 35 and 64 years, and 12.3% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49% were men and 51% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

7.21%
Uninsured
37.7%
Employer Coverage
34.4%
Medicaid
7.76%
Medicare
11.9%
Non-Group
1.09%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Fresno, CA declined by 1.15% from 7.29% to 7.21%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Fresno, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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