Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
129,983
0.129% 1-year growth
US Senator
Thom Tillis
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Budd
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
36.5
0.273% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
21.5%
4.1% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$48,413
7.59% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$131,900
16.1% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
50,738
1.79% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC had a population of 130k people with a median age of 36.5 and a median household income of $48,413. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC grew from 129,815 to 129,983, a 0.129% increase and its median household income grew from $44,998 to $48,413, a 7.59% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC are White (Non-Hispanic) (44.6%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (33.9%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (6.61%), Other (Hispanic) (4.07%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.06%).

7.62% of the households in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.8% of the residents in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC are Richmond Community College (815 degrees awarded in 2022) and St. Andrews University (136 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC was $131,900, and the homeownership rate was 65.6%.

Most people in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 26.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC is home to a population of 130k people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2022, 4.04% of Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC residents were born outside of the country (5.25k people).

In 2022, there were 1.31 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (58k people) in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 44.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 8.6k American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC are Spanish (7,385 households), French (Incl. Cajun) (249 households), and German (224 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
64,952
Women
50.3%
64,250
Men
49.7%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 129,202 inhabitants, with 49.7% men, and 50.3% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

97.8%
2022 Citizenship
97.5%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.8% of Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC was 97.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    58k ± 190
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    44.1k ± 645
  3. American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic)
    8.6k ± 291
9.29%
Hispanic Population
12.1k people

In 2022, there were 1.31 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (58k people) in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 44.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 8.6k American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

9.29% of the people in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC are hispanic (12.1k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,020 ± 1,095 people
  2. Germany
    312 ± 433 people
  3. Vietnam
    210 ± 355 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC was Mexico, the natal country of 2,020 Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC residents, followed by Germany with 312 and Vietnam with 210.

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Foreign-Born Population

4.04%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
5.25k people
4.25%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
5.52k people

As of 2022, 4.04% of Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC residents (5.25k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC was 4.25%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    7,385 households (6.11%)
  2. French (Incl. Cajun)
    249 households (0.206%)
  3. German
    224 households (0.185%)

7.62% of the households in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC was Spanish. 6.11% of the households in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,764 ± 430
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,289 ± 340
  3. Vietnam
    2,275 ± 290

Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.64 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC employs 50.7k people. The largest industries in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC are Elementary & secondary schools (3,960 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,615 people), and Construction (2,475 people), and the highest paying industries are Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($242,239), Not specified retail trade ($158,565), and Health & personal care, except drug, stores ($106,915).

Males in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC have an average income that is 1.23 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,680. The income inequality in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.433, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
25,770
Women
49.2%
26,558
Men
50.8%

The workforce of Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC in 2020 was 52,328 people, with 49.2% woman, and 50.8% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC.

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Occupations

50.7k
2022 Value
1.79%
1 Year growth
± 1.79%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC grew at a rate of 1.79%, from 49.8k employees to 50.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC, are Cashiers (1,655 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,634 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,620 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in North Carolina (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

50.7k
2022 Value
1.79%
1 Year growth
± 1.79%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC grew at a rate of 1.79%, from 49.8k employees to 50.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC, are Elementary & secondary schools (3,960 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,615 people), and Construction (2,475 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC, though some of these residents may live in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$38,094
Median earning men ± $1,628
$29,067
Median earning women ± $1,217

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Information ($56,304), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($56,101), and Public Administration ($51,618).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($50,533), Wholesale Trade ($45,221), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($37,727).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.
Y-Axis
3.04%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.86M people employed in North Carolina. This represents a 3.04% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.9%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in North Carolina.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in North Carolina went to Donald J. Trump with 49.9% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (48.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.881%).

Thom Tillis and Ted Budd are the senators currently representing the state of North Carolina. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

North Carolina is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from North Carolina

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.
Thom Tillis
Senator from North Carolina2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015
Ted Budd
Senator from North Carolina3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Thom Tillis and Ted Budd are the senators currently representing North Carolina.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in North Carolina over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from North Carolina

North Carolina is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for North Carolina have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC awarded 951 degrees. The student population of Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 1,139 male students and 1,960 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC are White (428 and 46%), followed by Black or African American (182 and 19.5%), Unknown (138 and 14.8%), and American Indian or Alaska Native (76 and 8.16%).

The largest universities in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC by number of degrees awarded are Richmond Community College (815 and 85.7%) and St. Andrews University (136 and 14.3%).

The most popular majors in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC are Liberal Arts & Sciences (213 and 22.4%), General Business Administration & Management (117 and 12.3%), and Information Technology (64 and 6.73%).

The median tuition cost in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC for private four year colleges is $28,600.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC, the percentage of applicants admitted was 64.8%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 15.6%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 3,099 (36.8% men and 63.2% women).

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 3,099 students enrolled in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC, 36.8% men and 63.2% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 1,243 records, of which 61.1% were women and 38.9% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 35 degrees awarded
  2. 26 degrees awarded
  3. 213 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC was Registered Nursing with 35 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 815 degrees awarded
  2. 136 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Richmond Community College with 815 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 372 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC, which is 0.642 times less than the 579 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 428 degrees mean that there were 2.35 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 182 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($28,600) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,000) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($2,100) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 1.3% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.77% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (30.5k), Some college (24.4k), and Secondary Education (17.7k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC was $131,900 in 2022, which is 0.468 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $113,600 to $131,900, a 16.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC is 65.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC have an average commute time of 26.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC is $48,413. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC was Wake County (Southwest)--Apex & Holly Springs Towns PUMA, NC with a value of $136,654, followed by Wake County (Northwest)--Raleigh City (Northwest) & Morrisville Town PUMA, NC and Union County (West)--Indian Trail & Stallings Towns PUMA, NC, with respective values of $132,713 and $120,161.

Property

$131,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,271
$31,059
Median Property Taxes
±$1,151

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

65.6%
Homeownership
2022
63.8%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 65.6% of the housing units in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC was Wake County (Southwest)--Apex & Holly Springs Towns PUMA, NC with a value of $136,654, followed by Wake County (Northwest)--Raleigh City (Northwest) & Morrisville Town PUMA, NC and Union County (West)--Indian Trail & Stallings Towns PUMA, NC, with respective values of $132,713 and $120,161.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$48,413
Median Household Income
± $2,264
47.3k
Number of Households
± 1,587

In 2022, the median household income of the 47.3k households in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC grew to $48,413 from the previous year's value of $44,998.

The following chart displays the households in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.433
2022 Wage GINI in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC
0.426
2021 Wage GINI in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC

In 2022, the income inequality in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC was 0.433 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.62% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (82.1%)
  2. Carpooled (10.8%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.55%)

In 2022, 82.1% of workers in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.8%) and those who worked at home (4.55%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

26.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC have a shorter commute time (26.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.03% of the workforce in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

21.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC (26.8k out of 125k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

88.9% of the population of Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC has health coverage, with 30.2% on employee plans, 24.8% on Medicaid, 10.8% on Medicare, 15.9% on non-group plans, and 7.2% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in North Carolina see 1399 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.427% decrease from the previous year (1405 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1710 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 363 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.
1,399 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in North Carolina

Primary care physicians in North Carolina see an average of 1,399 patients per year. This represents a 0.427% decrease from the previous year (1,405 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in North Carolina in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 27.3% under 18 years, 20.5% between 18 and 34 years, 37% between 35 and 64 years, and 15.2% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.6% were men and 53.4% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

11.1%
Uninsured
30.2%
Employer Coverage
24.8%
Medicaid
10.8%
Medicare
15.9%
Non-Group
7.2%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC declined by 4.39% from 11.6% to 11.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hoke, Richmond & Scotland Counties PUMA, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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