San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
102,722
2.88% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
34
2.02% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
32.5%
0.878% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$38,168
10.5% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$106,200
23.3% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
37,807
5.1% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX had a population of 103k people with a median age of 34 and a median household income of $38,168. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX grew from 99,842 to 102,722, a 2.88% increase and its median household income grew from $34,556 to $38,168, a 10.5% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX are White (Hispanic) (45.3%), Two+ (Hispanic) (27.8%), White (Non-Hispanic) (10.2%), Other (Hispanic) (9.45%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (3.76%).

55.3% of the households in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

88.3% of the residents in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX are San Antonio College (3,310 degrees awarded in 2022) and Our Lady of the Lake University (227331) (725 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX was $106,200, and the homeownership rate was 43%.

Most people in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 24.3 minutes. The average car ownership in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX is home to a population of 103k people, from which 88.3% are citizens. As of 2022, 16.7% of San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX residents were born outside of the country (17.2k people).

In 2022, there were 1.63 times more White (Hispanic) residents (46.5k people) in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 28.5k Two+ (Hispanic) and 10.5k White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX are Spanish (51,909 households), Other Indo-European Languages (168 households), and German (96 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
49,747
Women
48.5%
52,827
Men
51.5%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 102,574 inhabitants, with 51.5% men, and 48.5% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

88.3%
2022 Citizenship
87.7%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 88.3% of San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX was 87.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX
  1. White (Hispanic)
    46.5k ± 2.91k
  2. Two+ (Hispanic)
    28.5k ± 3k
  3. White (Non-Hispanic)
    10.5k ± 897
84.2%
Hispanic Population
86.5k people

In 2022, there were 1.63 times more White (Hispanic) residents (46.5k people) in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 28.5k Two+ (Hispanic) and 10.5k White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

84.2% of the people in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX are hispanic (86.5k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    14,480 ± 2,738 people
  2. Honduras
    783 ± 684 people
  3. El Salvador
    776 ± 681 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 14,480 San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX residents, followed by Honduras with 783 and El Salvador with 776.

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Foreign-Born Population

16.7%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
17.2k people
17.8%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
17.7k people

As of 2022, 16.7% of San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX residents (17.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX was 17.8%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    51,909 households (54.3%)
  2. Other Indo-European Languages
    168 households (0.176%)
  3. German
    96 households (0.1%)

55.3% of the households in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX was Spanish. 54.3% of the households in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,671 ± 367
  2. Vietnam
    1,042 ± 193
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    517 ± 144

San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.6 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX employs 37.8k people. The largest industries in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX are Construction (4,866 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,204 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (2,131 people), and the highest paying industries are U. S. Army ($165,078), Wired telecommunications carriers ($143,190), and Other administrative & other support services ($137,063).

Males in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX have an average income that is 1.15 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,418. The income inequality in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.428, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
18,431
Women
46.3%
21,359
Men
53.7%

The workforce of San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX in 2020 was 39,790 people, with 46.3% woman, and 53.7% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX.

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Occupations

37.8k
2022 Value
5.1%
1 Year growth
± 5.1%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 5.1%, from 36k employees to 37.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX, are Cooks (1,293 people), Construction laborers (1,045 people), and Cashiers (1,002 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

37.8k
2022 Value
5.1%
1 Year growth
± 5.1%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 5.1%, from 36k employees to 37.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX, are Construction (4,866 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,204 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (2,131 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX, though some of these residents may live in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$35,504
Median earning men ± $1,675
$27,217
Median earning women ± $1,697

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($142,622), Public Administration ($66,047), and Information ($58,750).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($49,239), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($47,578), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($42,894).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
4.59%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 13.8M people employed in Texas. This represents a 4.59% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 9.63%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Texas went to Donald J. Trump with 52.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (46.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.12%).

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX awarded 4,035 degrees. The student population of San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 7,533 male students and 13,026 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX are Hispanic or Latino (2,525 and 62.8%), followed by White (886 and 22%), Black or African American (352 and 8.76%), and Asian (110 and 2.74%).

The largest universities in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX by number of degrees awarded are San Antonio College (3,310 and 82%) and Our Lady of the Lake University (227331) (725 and 18%).

The most popular majors in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX are General Studies (2,140 and 53%), Social Work (297 and 7.36%), and Registered Nursing (205 and 5.08%).

The median tuition costs in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX are $30,200 for private four year colleges, and $6,450 and $13,980 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

Measure

In 2021 in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX, the percentage of applicants admitted was 65.8%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 9.82%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 20,559 (36.6% men and 63.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 20,559 students enrolled in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX, 36.6% men and 63.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 14,180 records, of which 64.6% were women and 35.4% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 2,140 degrees awarded
  2. 205 degrees awarded
  3. 85 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX was General Studies with 2,140 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 3,310 degrees awarded
  2. 725 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was San Antonio College with 3,310 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 1,420 men were awarded degrees from institutions in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX, which is 0.543 times less than the 2,615 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 2,525 degrees mean that there were 2.85 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 886 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($30,200) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($924) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,000) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 3.03% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 2.67% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (24.7k), Secondary Education (18.4k), and Primary Education (16.3k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX was $106,200 in 2022, which is 0.377 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $86,100 to $106,200, a 23.3% increase. The homeownership rate in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX is 43%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX have an average commute time of 24.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX is $38,168. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX was Fort Bend County (Northwest) PUMA, TX with a value of $159,431, followed by Denton County (South Central)--Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX and Collin County (Northwest)--Celina City & Prosper Town PUMA, TX, with respective values of $157,973 and $153,785.

Property

$106,200
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,240
$16,524
Median Property Taxes
±$933

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

43%
Homeownership
2022
61.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 43% of the housing units in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 45%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX was Fort Bend County (Northwest) PUMA, TX with a value of $159,431, followed by Denton County (South Central)--Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX and Collin County (Northwest)--Celina City & Prosper Town PUMA, TX, with respective values of $157,973 and $153,785.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$38,168
Median Household Income
± $1,776
38.4k
Number of Households
± 1,556

In 2022, the median household income of the 38.4k households in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX grew to $38,168 from the previous year's value of $34,556.

The following chart displays the households in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.428
2022 Wage GINI in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX
0.429
2021 Wage GINI in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX

In 2022, the income inequality in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX was 0.428 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.203% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (68.6%)
  2. Carpooled (13.5%)
  3. Worked At Home (7%)

In 2022, 68.6% of workers in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (13.5%) and those who worked at home (7%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

24.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX have a shorter commute time (24.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.59% of the workforce in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

32.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX (31.8k out of 97.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

76.2% of the population of San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX has health coverage, with 26.3% on employee plans, 32.1% on Medicaid, 8.16% on Medicare, 8.21% on non-group plans, and 1.43% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Texas see 1629 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1642 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1660 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 759 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
1,629 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Texas

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,629 patients per year. This represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1,642 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 27.1% under 18 years, 24.2% between 18 and 34 years, 35.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.1% were men and 51.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

23.8%
Uninsured
26.3%
Employer Coverage
32.1%
Medicaid
8.16%
Medicare
8.21%
Non-Group
1.43%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX grew by 0.946% from 23.6% to 23.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in San Antonio City (Central) PUMA, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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